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Fundamentals of Scouting


Definition: The Bharat Scouts & Guides is a voluntary, non-political educational Movement for young people, open to all without distinction of origin, race or creed, in accordance with the purpose, principles, and method conceived by the Founder Lord Baden- Powell in 1907.


The purpose of the Movement is to contribute to the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual potentials as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of the local, National and International communities.


The  principles  are  the  fundamental  laws  and  beliefs,  which  must  be  observed when  achieving  the  purpose.    They  represent  a  code  of  conduct,  which characterizes  all  members  of  the  Movement.    Scouting/Guiding  is  based  upon three  broad  principles,  which  represent  its  fundamental  laws  and  beliefs.    They are  referred  to  as  “Duty  to  God”,  “Duty  to  others”  and    “Duty  to  self”.    As  their names  indicate,  the  first  refers  to  a  person’s  relationship  with  the  spiritual  values of  like,  the  second,  to  a  person’s  relationship  with  society  in  the  broadest  sense  of the  term;  and  the  third,  to  a  person’s obligations towards  himself.   

The Method

A  method  can  be  defined  as  the  means  used, or  the  steps  followed  in attaining  the objectives.    Whenever it  is  part of  a  Movement  having  a  set  of  principles,  as  is  the case  with  Scouting/Guiding,  the  method  must  be  based  upon  those  principles. The  Scout/Guide  method  is  defined  as  “a  system  of  progressive  self-education through:   A Promise  and  Law.  Learning  by  doing.   Membership  of  small  groups  under  adult  leadership  involving  progressive discovery  and  acceptance  of  responsibility  and  training  towards  self-government  directed  towards  the  development  of  character,  and  the acquisition  of  competence,  self-reliance,  dependability  and  capacities  to cooperate  and  to  lead.   Progressive  and  stimulating  programs  of  various  activities  based  on  the interests  of  the  participants  including  games,  useful  skills  and  services  to the  community  taking  place  largely  in  an  outdoor  setting  in  contact  with nature. 

The  Scout/Guide  method  is  thus  a  system  of  progressive  self-education,  to  be reached  as  a  result  of  a combination  of  elements, listed below.

It is a method
  • Based on individual action
  • Active progress – Learning by doing.
  • Group system – Work in small groups
  • Sense of responsibility
  • Team work spirit.
  • Open air
  • Indirect adult participation

It is a Program by which The method can be applied
The plan can be carried out. It has its own characteristics – according to section's Movement for youth.
Stimulating program variable & Non-variable activities. 

What is Scouting and Guiding? 

It is a game – educational with its own characteristics

Helps Development of the participants.
  • When one is sure about oneself.
  • Within different groups – family, School, Society – Unit feelings of Happiness.
  • Produces things useful – self & others – creative.

It is a plan
  • – Reach it objectives – successive stages.
  • Actions – Strengthens her character & personality.
  • Capacity to resistance
  • Spirit of service.
  • Religious feelings.
Movement open to all, voluntary, Fun with a purpose – World wide game, With a spiritual dimension
  • Value :Formation
  • Promise & Law
  • Effective Leadership
  • Love and Pride for culture of the country
  • Self discipline
  • Respecting others
  • Industriousness
  • Perseverance
  • Dignity, Self respect, self esteem
  • Leads to joyous life
  • Education for Life.